Sustainability: Community-based Monitoring

Community-based Monitoring (CBM) is an important tool to create an effective result in certain area management. The management of a community-based area will usually provide opportunities for local communities to determine their areas of operation. One example is when they have started farming in their own area, then the area is adjacent to or in contact with a private sector company or government, then there needs to be a dialogue to resolve the problem.

If it is adjacent to the operational area of either forestry or mining or agricultural concession, a demarcation or boundaries of the operating area should be developed between community-owned and concession areas.

Balanced Information, Free Prior Informed Consent

In addition to being physically close to either an exploration or exploitation activity, local people who have lived in an area for a long time need to get as fair information as possible about the impact of an operation around them so that they understand and can anticipate the effects of the activities around them.

In many experiences, the management of an area will usually be close to an area inhabited by local communities. Local communities living around concession activities usually have hereditary habits including inheritance from their ancestors in the form of either tenure rights or the land where they live.

Hereditary Habits

Hereditary habits in a community teach us to be reviewed carefully the social conditions of activity, especially in inhabited areas. Sometimes in theory the activities of an institution in a certain area do not take into account the surrounding social conditions. Even though there are already groups of people who have already settled in the area.

Population Estimate

Most of the areas are considered uninhabited, in fact, there are areas where local communities are living in these places.

Currently, there are many community-based initiatives that need comprehensive support so that their voices can be heard and reach the international community.

The importance of this evaluation tool includes looking at the processes occurring at the [community's] base level and encouraging more active collaboration in the development of a particular program


Based on experience, complaints from local communities around the operational area [for example plantations, mining, and forestry] need to have a either "forum" or a system that is welcome to facilitate these complaints. With this system, complaints are accommodated and become input for improving the management of a particular area.

The complaint mechanism inside the company wants to ensure sustainability and human rights standard.

CBM can reduce the impact of the International campaigns about the field conflict and increase the legitimacy of productions and the quality of social capital by managing the community concern.

AsM Law Office was promoting that tools in exchange in West Africa in June 2022. The members of parliament in some country in West Africa was interested in these tools and just start to do dialog to bring these tools to their national standard and regulation.


Daniel is the lead farmer in the Garadima community, near Atebubu in #Ghana.
Daniel shares his knowledge and experience with other farmers in the area, and ensures that we understand their needs & preferences in planning & managing the #agroforestry part of our #LivingLab forest restoration project. 🌳🌱
For more information on the project and on the great support from AstraZeneca

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