Knowledge of activities that encourage increased carbon sequestration is an old object.
We have long dreams of the process of re-reforestation and maintaining natural resources, especially forests. Forest resources are considered to have important characteristics. Therefore the potential for forest resources in Indonesia are more than 140 million hectares.
JSocial forestry can contribute to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission levels to support Indonesia's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) target in 2030. Therefore, the government must include social forestry in the scenario of achieving the NDC.
The contribution of social forestry is through efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation, forest degradation, and increase in carbon stocks. In short, social forestry is the implementation of a community-based climate project program (REDD+) at the site scale.
The social forestry policy officially started after the issuance of Minister of Environment and Forestry Regulation No 83 of 2016 concerning Social Forestry. The policy is designed to realize equitable access to land and natural resources, support aspects of people's livelihoods as well as for the sustainability of forest resources.
Source: The State of Indonesia's Forest 2020 - MoEF
The realization of social forestry as of September 2020 has reached 4.2 million hectares out of an allocation of 12.7 million hectares. Through social forestry, communities also have a stake and participate in climate change mitigation, especially in the land use, land use change and forestry sectors.
As is known, in accordance with the Paris Agreement which has been ratified through Law Number 16/2016, Indonesia has committed to participate in reducing global emissions to prevent global temperature rise above 1.5/2 degrees Celsius.
The utilization of forests and their by-products need to be optimized by reviewing the potential of the available resources and utilization for the benefit of many parties. The optimal use of forest products is an important part of sustainable management.
A sustainable area management program should be developed by mobilizing human resources so that they are familiar with the environment around us
The forests are highly expected to maintain as part of carbon absorption. The industrialization that exists today has led to reduced carbon absorption and increased release of carbon out of the earth.
The important thing is to be consistent and keep working on it.